7.1. アーキテクチャ

Neo4j HA has been designed to make the transition from single machine to multi machine operation simple, by not having to change the already existing application.

Consider an existing application with Neo4j embedded and running on a single machine. To deploy such an application in a multi machine setup the only required change is to switch the creation of the GraphDatabaseService from EmbeddedGraphDatabase to HighlyAvailableGraphDatabase. Since both implement the same interface, no additional changes are required.

図7.1 Typical setup when running multiple Neo4j instances in HA mode

Neo4j Highly Available Cluster

When running Neo4j in HA mode there is always a single master and zero or more slaves. Compared to other master-slave replication setups Neo4j HA can handle writes on a slave so there is no need to redirect writes to the master.

A slave will handle writes by synchronizing with the master to preserve consistency. Updates will however propagate from the master to other slaves eventually so a write from one slave is not immediately visible on all other slaves. This is the only difference between multiple machines running in HA mode compared to single machine operation. All other ACID characteristics are the same.